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Categories for the Description of Works of Art


26. Related Visual Documentation


DEFINITION

The identification of images that depict the work of art or architecture. Also includes subcategories for an image authority.

SUBCATEGORIES


GENERAL DISCUSSION


This category records references to images, reproductions, and facsimiles of the work of art or architecture being cataloged, including photographs, negatives, microfiche, videotape, and digital images. Subcategories should be maintained as a separate Image Authority which is linked to Object/Works, if possible.

This category records information about images or other resources that serve as visual surrogates of Object/Works, including digital images, slides, transparencies, photographs, videos, audio, and moving images, but excluding items that are considered works in their own right. For works such as drawings, prints, paintings, or photographs considered art, and other works that themselves contain representations of other works, use RELATED WORKS and/or SUBJECT MATTER.

Images discussed in this category are typicaly held in photo archives or other visual resource collections. For published images of works, use RELATED TEXTUAL REFERENCES.

Image as a work of art
A reproduction may itself be considered a work of art, e.g., Eugène Atget's photographs of the art and architecture of Paris, or Alison Frantz's photographs of ancient Greek sites and artifacts. Such works should be described separately \x96 or additionally \x96 as Object/Works in their own right and linked via RELATED WORKS.

Purpose of images
Images may be made for reproduction, study, examination, documentation, or teaching. They may include historic photographs, conservation photographs, or installation photographs from a particular exhibition.

This category provides references to available reproductions or documentary images of an Object/Work. Certain types of visual documentation, such as historic photographs, may enhance understanding of a work of art, identify its subject, or establish facts about its creation and history. Images can provide a contextual view over time, making it possible to study physical changes in the work over time, identify the condition of a work at a particular time, or determine how the work was housed or displayed in a particular setting. (e.g., historical images of the Great Sphinx show that the site was once desert and that the condition of the work has deteriorated over the last 150 years).When a work of art or architecture is lost or destroyed, it may be known only through an image of it.

Images containing certain views of the Object/Work, such as those taken under ultraviolet light or in raking light, reveal particular characteristics of the work, such as underdrawings. Photographs of a work before and after it has undergone restoration may enhance understanding of both the treatment and the execution of the work itself.

Image vs. View
In CDWA, Image refers to the physical visual work or digital representation (e.g., a slide or a JPEG). View refers to the vantage point or lighting of the Object/Work in the image. Rules for both Image and View appear below; for a fuller, more prescriptive set of cataloging rules for View, see Chapter 9: View Information in Cataloging Cultural Objects (CCO), which deals with a critical subset of the CDWA.

Audio and moving image documentation
If a work has an audio or moving image component, these subcategories may also be used to catalog the audio or moving image documentation. See Examples at the end of this chapter.



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26.1. Image References

DEFINITION 

An identification of the images that depict the work being cataloged. 

EXAMPLES


- Grandes Chroniques de France, Jean Fouquet; color slide; 1999; Ansichten und Porträts, Bildarchive Foto Marburg (Marburg, Germany); 00075568,T:0012

- Detail of the Dome of Hagia Sophia; black-and-white photograph; 1961; Architectural Photographs Archive (Melbourne, Australia); BA-900-56

- North End of Houses of Parliament, including Big Ben; digital image; 1989; Mikinio Photo Archives (Pompiono, Florida, United States); 789-03-234-b


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Identify the images in which the work is depicted. It is optional but highly recommended to link images in the Image Authority to the works they depict.

Form and syntax
Display the IMAGE LABEL/IDENTIFICATION for the related image. The formate of the label is as follows: IMAGE TITLE/NAME (or IMAGE VIEW), semi-colon, IMAGE TYPE, semi-colon, VIEW DATE, semi-colon, IMAGE REPOSITORY (with geographic location), semi-colon, IMAGE REPOSITORY NUMBERS.

Alternatively, devise another scheme for syntax and punctuation, provided it is used consistently in local practice.

Ideally, this category is a link to a record for the Image Authority.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

System generated: Ideally, this label should be generated from the Image Authority record.








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26.1.1. Image to Work Relationship Type

DEFINITION

The relationship of the image to the work it depicts.

EXAMPLES


conservation image
documentary image
contextual image
historical view
reconstruction
installation image


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a term, terms, or brief phrase describing the type of relationship between the Object/Work and the Image. Use lower case.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT 

Controlled list: Control this subcategory with an extensible controlled list, using terms in the examples above and others as required.



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SUBCATEGORIES FOR THE IMAGE AUTHORITY BEGIN HERE

26.2. Image Label/Identification

DEFINITION

A brief description that identifies the image and distinguishes it from similar images.

EXAMPLES


- Detail of the Dome of Hagia Sophia; black-and-white photograph; 1961; Architectural Photographs Archive (Melbourne, Australia); BA-900-56

- North End of Houses of Parliament, including Big Ben; digital image; 1989; Mikinio Photo Archives (Pompiono, Florida, United States); 789-03-234-b

- Grandes Chroniques de France, Jean Fouquet; color slide; 1999; Ansichten und Porträts, Bildarchive Foto Marburg (Marburg, Germany); 00075568,T:0012


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a brief description of the image, to be used on slide labels, illustration captions, when sharing images, and in other situations where the image must be identified succinctly and uniquely.

Form and Syntax
There may be multiple forms and use of syntax, generated by the cataloging institution for various uses in different situations. The examples above include the following sytax: IMAGE TITLE/NAME (or IMAGE VIEW), semi-colon, IMAGE TYPE, semi-colon, VIEW DATE, semi-colon, IMAGE REPOSITORY (with geographic location), semi-colon, IMAGE REPOSITORY NUMBERS.



TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

System generated: Ideally, the label should be generated from various fields in the image record.

Free-text: If this is a free-text field, index the information in the pertinent controlled subcategories elsewhere in the image record.




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26.2.1. Image Catalog Level

DEFINITION

An indication of the level of cataloging represented by the image record, based on the physical form or intellectual content of the images.

EXAMPLES


item
collection
group
subgroup
series
set


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: As a preliminary step in cataloging the image, determine the cataloging level. Record a term indicating if the image catalog record represents an item, volume, group, collection, or other arrangement of images. This is highly recommended if you are cataloging single items in addition to collections and groups of images.

For definitions of the terms, see OBJECT/WORK - CATALOG LEVEL.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled list: Use a controlled list of terminology: item, collection, group, subgroup, series, set, and additional terms as necessary.

RELATED CATEGORIES and ACCESS

Record whole/part relationships between groups, collections and items in RELATED IMAGE subcategories.



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26.2.2. Image Type

DEFINITION

The generic identification of the medium or type of image.

EXAMPLES


photograph
slide
videotape
X-ray photograph
negative
internegative
albumen print
digital image
duplicate slide
tactile representation


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a term specifying the particular kind of image. You may record multiple Types in subsequent occurrences of the subcategory, as necessary. It is recommended to use the most specific, appropriate term.

Form and syntax
Record the singular form of the term. Record the term in lower case except where the term includes a proper noun or is otherwise capitalized in the controlled vocabulary. Avoid abbreviations. Record terms in natural word order, not inverted. Do not use punctuation, except hyphens, as required.


TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Authority or controlled list: Control this subcategory with the GENERIC CONCEPT AUTHORITY, which can be populated with terminology from the following published vocabularies: AAT, ACRL/RBMS Genre Terms, ISO 5127-3: Iconic Documents, ISO 5127-11: Audio-visual Documents, LC Descriptive Terms for Graphic Materials, Moving Image Materials, and Revised Nomenclature. If the cataloging institution requires only a short list of type terms, a controlled list (rather than an authority file) may suffice.



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26.2.3. Image Title/Name

DEFINITION

A title, name, or appellation applied to the image or collection of images.

EXAMPLES



- Grandes Chroniques de France, Jean Fouquet
- Detail of the Face of the Great Sphinx, Giza
- Felbermeyer Photographs of Antiquities and Art in Italy
- Study Photographs of Ancient Vases
- Spanish-Colonial Architecture in Mexico


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a title or name for the image, group of images, collection, or series, when applicable. This subcategory is necessary for a collections of images, but it may be applied to items (individual images) as well, particularly when the IMAGE VIEW is not adequate to identify the item in labels. If an image or collection of images has been known by multiple titles or names, include them in repeating instances of this subcategory.

Form and syntax
Use title case. Follow the rules for capitalization and syntax described for titles of Object/Works in the TITLES/NAMES category. For groups and collections, list the name of the group or collection. For items, create a title that briefly describes the image, including the TITLE and the creator (CREATION - CREATOR DESCRIPTION - IDENTITY) of the Object/Work depicted (e.g., Grandes Chroniques de France, Jean Fouquet), and an indication of the view of the work and/or its location, if applicable (e.g., Detail of the Face of the Great Sphinx, Giza).

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Free-text: This is not a controlled field. If there is important information in the IMAGE TITLE/NAME, such as the name of a collector, index this information in the pertinent controlled subcategory (e.g., IMAGE MAKER/AGENT) elsewhere in the record.




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26.2.3.1 Image Title Type

DEFINITION

The kind of title or name assigned to the image or collection of images.

EXAMPLES


descriptivet
repository
published


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a term indicating the type of title.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled list: Control this subcategory with a controlled list: preferred, descriptive, repository, inscribed, artist's, former, translated, and others as required.






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26.2.4. Image Measurements

DEFINITION

The applicable measurements of the image, including dimensions and format.

EXAMPLES


35 mm, 60 minutes
198 x 233 cm (78 x 91 3/4 inches)
8 x 10 inches
656 K bytes
1024 x 768 pixels
2,400 boxes






DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a prose description of the dimensions, or construct a display by concatenating information from controlled fields. Include information about the dimensions, size, or format of the image, presented in a syntax suitable for display to the end-user and including any necessary indications of uncertainty, ambiguity, and nuance. Measurements may apply to items or collections and groups.

Form and Syntax
Include measurements in both metric units and US Customary Units (inches, feet), if possible. Record dimensions height by width (if appropriate) (e.g., 198 x 233 cm (78 x 91 3/4 inches)). Alternatively, record standardized measurements of reproductive media in the traditional way, with the smallest dimension first and using the standard applicable units (e.g., 8 x 10 inches).

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Free text : This is not a controlled field. Use consistent format and syntax when possible. It is recommended to index the display measurements by using the subcategories below.



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26.2.4.1. Dimensions Type

DEFINITION

The kind of dimension taken of the image.

EXAMPLES


height
width
length
running time

count


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a term or terms describing the Type. Use lower case.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled list: Control values with a list of valid terminology, including the terms in the Examples above and others as necessary.




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26.2.4.2. Dimensions Value

DEFINITION

The numerical value of the dimension taken of the image.

EXAMPLES


8
10
35
60




DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the numerical indicator of the dimension. If you are indexing measurements, include Value.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled format: Whole numbers or decimal fractions only. It is recommended to use numbers that refer metric units in this controlled field, however, local practice may vary.



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26.2.4.3. Dimensions Unit

DEFINITION

The unit of measurement applicable to the measurements of the image.

EXAMPLES


millimeters
inches
minutes
pixels






DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: If you are indexing the measurements, include the Unit of measurement.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled list: Use a controlled list of terminology, including the values in Examples above. Metric units may be abbreviated using standard abbreviations. It is recommended to use metric units in this controlled field, however, local practice may vary.



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26.2.5. Image Format

DEFINITION

The configuration, proportion, size, or other format designation of the image.

EXAMPLES


Beta
JPEG
TIFF
lantern slide
VHF
JFIF with JPEG compression
cibachrome print
Macintosh
DOS






DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Include a designation of the format or conventional size designation, if pertinent.

To record numeric sizes, use VALUE to record the number and indicate the controlled term size in DIMENSION TYPE. Industry sizes are not always accurate or consistent, and vary within certain tolerances. For example a photograph may actually measure 7 3/4 x 9 5/8 inches, but the format is 8 x 10 inches.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled list: Use consistent terminology from a controlled list. Include the terms in the examples above and others derived from the AAT Attributes and Properties hierarchy or the ACRL/RBMS Paper Terms and ACRL/RBMS Type Evidence.



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26.2.6. Image Date

DEFINITION

The date or range of dates when the image was created or produced.

EXAMPLES


1997
October 1980
before 1944
ca. 1895-1900
1945-1949 (bulk dates)






DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the dates or date range when the image was created. Include uncertainty and nuance, as necessary.

Note that this is the date of the physical or digital image, which is not necessarily the same as the VIEW DATE (e.g., the date of original photographic negative may be recorded in VIEW DATE, while the date of a later print may be recorded in IMAGE DATE). This may also be the date of the images in a collection, which may be expressed as inclusive dates or bulk dates.

Form and syntax
Follow the applicable rules for display dates in CREATION - CREATION DATE.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Free-text: This is not a controlled field. Maintain consistent capitalization, punctuation, and syntax where possible. Index the dates in the controlled EARLIEST and LATEST DATE subcategories.



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26.2.6.1. Earliest Date 

DEFINITION

The earliest possible date when the image or images were created or produced.

EXAMPLES


1980-10-01
1977
1885


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the earliest year indicated by the display IMAGE DATE. Always record years in the proleptic Gregorian calendar in the indexing dates fields. It is optional to record EARLIEST DATE; however, if you record a value here, you must also record LATEST DATE.

Form and syntax
Follow the applicable rules for dates in CREATION - CREATION DATE - EARLIEST DATE.


TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled format: Date information must be formatted consistently to allow retrieval. Local rules should be in place. Suggested formats are available in the ISO Standard and W3 XML Schema Part 2.


ISO 8601:2004 Representation of dates and times. International Organization for Standardization. Data Elements and Interchange Formats. Information Interchange. Representation of Dates and Times. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization, 2004.

XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes, 2001. www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema-2/.




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26.2.6.2. Latest Date 

DEFINITION

The latest possible date when the image or images were created or produced. 

EXAMPLES


1980-10-31
1977
1944
1900


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the latest year indicated by the display IMAGE DATE. Always record years in the proleptic Gregorian calendar in the indexing dates fields. It is optional to record LATEST DATE; however, if you record a value here, you must also record EARLIEST DATE.

Form and syntax
Follow the applicable rules for dates in CREATION - CREATION DATE - LATEST DATE.


TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled format: Date information must be formatted consistently to allow retrieval. Local rules should be in place. Suggested formats are available in the ISO Standard and W3 XML Schema Part 2.


ISO 8601:2004 Representation of dates and times. International Organization for Standardization. Data Elements and Interchange Formats. Information Interchange. Representation of Dates and Times. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization, 2004.

XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes, 2001. www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema-2/.


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26.2.7. Image Color

DEFINITION

The characterization of the chromatic qualities of the image.

EXAMPLES


black-and-white
color
sepia
monochrome
256 shades of gray
24-bit color




DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a term specifying the color, tint, hue or chromatic range of the image or images.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled list: Control this subcategory with a controlled list, which can be partiallly populated with terminology from the AAT Color hierarchy.



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26.2.8. Works Depicted

DEFINITION 

An identification of the Object/Works that are depicted in the Image or group of images.  

EXAMPLES


- Pendant Mask: Iyoba; mask; unknown Nigerian; 16th century; Metropolitan Museum (New York, New York, United States); 1978.412.323

- Small Miseries of War; series; designed and etched by Jacques Callot (French, 1592-1635); 1632-1633, published 1635; Paris (France)

- Pantheon; rotunda; unknown Roman architect for the emperor Hadrian; begun in 27 BCE, rebuilt 118/119-125/128; Rome (Italy)

- Apollo, Pan, and Putto; painting; Francesco Primaticcio (Italian, 1504-1570); 1559-1560; lost, formerly in Galerie d'Ulysse, Fontainebleau (Ile-de-France, France)

- Amenhotep IV Enthroned; wall painting; unknown Egyptian; Eighteenth Dynasty;
Tomb of Ramose (Thebes, Qin governorate, Upper Egypt region, Egypt); no. 55


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Identify the works of art or architecture depicted in the image. If the images are being cataloged independently without links to full Object/Work records, it is highly recommended to record the works of art depicted in this subcategory.

Form and syntax
Display the IMAGE LABEL/IDENTIFICATION for the related image. The formate of the label is as follows: IMAGE TITLE/NAME (or IMAGE VIEW), semi-colon, IMAGE TYPE, semi-colon, VIEW DATE, semi-colon, IMAGE REPOSITORY (with geographic location), semi-colon, IMAGE REPOSITORY NUMBERS.

Use consistent syntax and punctuation for the label, as described in CURRENT LOCATION - OBJECT/WORK LABEL/IDENTIFICATION. Follow the Examples above, concatenating the following subcategories from the record of the Object/Work: Title, semi-colon, Object/Work Type, semi-colon, Creator Description, semi-colon, Creation Date, semi-colon, Current Location Description, semi-colon, Repository Number (or Exhibition/Loan History - Object Number).

Alternatively, devise another scheme for syntax and punctuation, provided it is used consistently in local practice.

If all images are linked to separate records for Object/Works, use fields in the Object/Work records to construct display labels for the works depicted.



TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

System generated or free text: If every image is linked to a full Object/Work record, generate displays automatically. If the images are being cataloged separately and witout links to records for Object/Works, this subcategory will be a free text field or set of fields containing labels for the works depicted.








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26.2.9. Image View Description

DEFINITION

A description of the context (lighting, time of day) and/or aspect (position, angle, range, orientation, extent, or portion) of the work as depicted in the image.

EXAMPLES


profile view
detail of Joachim
detail of surface in raking light
view from below in late afternoon sunlight






DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a description of the the spatial, chronological, or contextual aspects of the work as captured in the image view.

Form and Syntax
Use phrases in lower case. Capitalize proper names. For other words, use lower case. Avoid abbreviations. Provide directional descriptions for architecture, sculpture, and other three dimensional objects (e.g., for a building, view from the east, or for a portrait bust, left profile). Do not capitalize cardinal directions (east, west, etc.) Note special lighting conditions (e.g., raking light).

Alternatively use sentence case and complete sentences or phrases.

Image View helps the user to evaluate the nature of the information contained in the image and to differentiate among multiple images of the same work. Knowing that a slide depicts a view of the Nike of Samothrace from below may aid researchers trying to determine how the work was originally intended to be seen. An aerial view of the Acropolis places the remains of the various monuments in their relative context.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Free text: This is not a controlled field. Index the type of view in VIEW TYPE.



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26.2.9.1. View Type

DEFINITION

Terms that characterize the view in terms of vantage point, perspective, or lighting effects.

EXAMPLES


raking light
sunset
aerial view
frontal view
interior view
profile view
eye-level view
close-up view




DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a term or terms describing the position, angle, range, orientation, extent, or portion of the work depicted in the image view. If more than one term applies to an image, or if you are cataloging a collection or group, repeat this subcategory as necessary.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled list: Control this subcategory with a controlled list derived from terms in the Examples above and other terms as necessary. Use the AAT (especially Views (visual works)) to find additional terminology.


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26.2.9.2. View Subject  

DEFINITION

A description of the subject matter of the work as it is depicted in a specific view. 

EXAMPLES
    - detail of Alan Pinkerton at the Battle of Antietam
    - Large Arch sculpture in the larger library plaza area
    - Great Sphinx with the Great Pyramid in the background


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a description of the subject as depicted in the view, particularly if it is distinct from the general subject information recorded for the Object/Work.

Form and syntax
Use phrases in lower case. Capitalize proper names. For other words, use lower case. Avoid abbreviations. Provide directional descriptions for architecture, sculpture, and other three dimensional objects (e.g., for a building, view from the east, or for a portrait bust, left profile). Do not capitalize cardinal directions (east, west, etc.) Note special lighting conditions (e.g., raking light).

Alternatively use sentence case and complete sentences or phrases.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Free text: This is not a controlled field. Index the subject in INDEXING TERMS.


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26.2.9.2.1. View Subject Indexing Terms  

DEFINITION

Terms or phrases that index the subject matter of the work as it is depicted in a specific view. 

EXAMPLES
    bird's nest
    urn
    knife
    apple
    lilies
    Allan Pinkerton (American Secret Service agent, detective, 1819-1884)
    Kilimanjaro (Tanzania)


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record terms that characterize the subject as depicted in the view, particularly as it is distinct from general subject information recorded for the Object/Work. Repeat the subcategory as necessary. Most institutions will use this subcategory, but not IMAGE VIEW; it is more important to index the subject here than to describe it in IMAGE VIEW.

Form and syntax
Capitalize proper names; for other terms, use lower case. Avoid abbreviations. Generally use the singular, including the proper names of iconographical themes, mythological events, persons, places, etc. When the singular is inappropriate, use the plural term, as warranted by the subject being cataloged. If a view includes a portion of the entire Object/Work, describe the subject of the part that is captured in the view.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Authorities: See the SUBJECT MATTER - INDEXING TERMS subcategory for a full discussion of the terminology for subject indexing.

Several different authorities will be used for subject indexing. Control terminology with the SUBJECT AUTHORITY for the proper names of the following: historical events; fictional characters, places, and events; religious or mythological characters or events; literary themes; iconographical themes.Control the names of historical people and corporate bodies with the PERSON/CORPORATE BODY AUTHORITY; control the names of geographical places with the PLACE/LOCATION AUTHORITY; control generic subject terms with the GENERIC CONCEPT AUTHORITY.

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26.2.9.3. View Date  

DEFINITION

The date or range of dates associated with the particular view captured in the image, which is not necessarily the same as the date of the surrogate image.  

EXAMPLES


    1935
    December 1950
    ca. 1975


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the dates or date range depicted in the view. Include references to uncertainty or ambiguity as necessary.

Given that images may be created from negatives long after the negative was made, this date is not necessarily the same as the IMAGE DATE.

Form and syntax
Follow the applicable rules for display dates in CREATION - CREATION DATE.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Free-text: This is not a controlled field. Maintain consistent capitalization, punctuation, and syntax where possible. Index the dates in the controlled EARLIEST and LATEST DATE subcategories.





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26.2.9.3.1. Earliest Date 

DEFINITION

The earliest possible date when the view was captured.

EXAMPLES


1935
1950-12-01
1970


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the earliest year indicated by the display DATE. Always record years in the proleptic Gregorian calendar in the indexing dates fields. It is optional to record EARLIEST DATE; however, if you record a value here, you must also record LATEST DATE.

Form and syntax
Follow the applicable rules for dates in CREATION - CREATION DATE - EARLIEST DATE.


TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled format: Date information must be formatted consistently to allow retrieval. Local rules should be in place. Suggested formats are available in the ISO Standard and W3 XML Schema Part 2.


ISO 8601:2004 Representation of dates and times. International Organization for Standardization. Data Elements and Interchange Formats. Information Interchange. Representation of Dates and Times. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization, 2004.

XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes, 2001. www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema-2/.




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26.2.9.3.2. Latest Date 

DEFINITION

The latest possible date when the view was captured.  

EXAMPLES


1935
1950-12-31
1980


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the latest year indicated by the display DATE. Always record years in the proleptic Gregorian calendar in the indexing dates fields. It is optional to record LATEST DATE; however, if you record a value here, you must also record EARLIEST DATE.

Form and syntax
Follow the applicable rules for dates in CREATION - CREATION DATE - LATEST DATE.


TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled format: Date information must be formatted consistently to allow retrieval. Local rules should be in place. Suggested formats are available in the ISO Standard and W3 XML Schema Part 2.


ISO 8601:2004 Representation of dates and times. International Organization for Standardization. Data Elements and Interchange Formats. Information Interchange. Representation of Dates and Times. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization, 2004.

XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes, 2001. www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema-2/.






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26.2.10. Image Maker/Agent

DEFINITION

The name and biography or location of an individual or corporate body that played a role in the creation of the image or images.

EXAMPLES


- Hutzel, Max (German photographer, born 1913)
- Fratelli Alinari (Italian photographic studio, Florence, Italy)


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the name, role, life dates, and/or location of the person, persons, or corporate body who created or otherwise had a role in the production of the image or group or collection of images.

Form and syntax
For guidelines regarding the formulation of personal and corporate body names, see the CREATION - CREATOR subcategories and the PERSON/CORPORATE BODY AUTHORITY.



TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Authority: Control this subcategory with the PERSON/CORPORATE BODY AUTHORITY.






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26.2.10.1. Image Maker Role

DEFINITION

The role or activity performed by the maker or other agent in the conception, design, or production of the image or images.

EXAMPLES


photographer
photographic studio
publisher
printer
collector
compiler


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a term or terms referring to the role or activity performed by the maker or other agent named in the conception, design, or production of the work being cataloged. Use lower case.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Authority: Control this subcategory with the GENERIC CONCEPT AUTHORITY, which can be populated with terminology from the Agents facet of the AAT.






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26.2.10.2. Image Maker Extent

DEFINITION

The part or stage in the process of the creation or production of an image contributed by a particular maker or agent.

EXAMPLES


original negative
new print
core collection

later additions


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a term or term describing the part or stage of creation or production contributed by an agent or maker, when necessary. Use lower case.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled list: Control this subcategory with a controlled list, using terminology of the type suggested in the Examples above.




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26.2.11. Image Repository

DEFINITION

The name and location of the agency, individual, or other repository that has physical control of the image.

EXAMPLES


- Bildarchive Foto Marburg (Marburg, Germany)
- Special Collections, Getty Research Institute (Los Angeles, California, United States)
- College of Visual and Performing Arts Visual Resources Library, University of South Florida (Tampa, Florida, United States)


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Identify the the name and location of the repository, that is the administrative entity or individual that has physical control of the image.

Form and syntax
For guidelines regarding format and syntax of personal and corporate body names, see the CREATION - CREATOR category and the PERSON/CORPORATE BODY AUTHORITY.



TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Authority: Control this subcategory with the PERSON/CORPORATE BODY AUTHORITY.

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26.2.11.1. Image Repository Numbers

DEFINITION

The unique number(s), codes, or other identification assigned to the image by the repository.

EXAMPLES


no. 095
Fir-890-781
ITA-3j-4560-126
item 5.11




DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the image identification used by the repository of the image. Numbers may have prefixes or suffixes that are vital to their meaning.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Free text: The format of the number will vary depending on its type and source.

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26.2.11.1.1. Number Type

DEFINITION

The type of number, code, or other identification assigned to the image by the repository.

EXAMPLES


accession number
collection number
registration number
location symbol
collector's number
identification number
object identification


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a term describing the type of number, if known. Use lower case.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled list : Control this subcategory with a controlled list, using the terms in Examples above, and others as necessary.



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26.2.12. Image Copyright/Restrictions

DEFINITION

Copyright statement naming the copyright holder by name, location, and date of copyright, and a summary of any restrictions on the use or dissemination of the image.

EXAMPLES


- Copyright © 2006 Fratelli Alinari
- © Smithsonian Institution
- © 1992 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
- Sandak, Imprint of Macmillan Publishing Company, 866 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10022. "Sandak slides are to be used via normal classroom of auditorium projection for educational purposes only. They may not be duplicated or reproduced in any medium, electronic or other. Any other use requires written permission from the appropriate rights holders."


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the copyright statement or restrictions information for the image in an accessible, concise, and easily understandable form.

Use this subcategory if the holder of the reproduction rights for the image differs from the holder of rights for the work. For example, the work rights could be "© National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution (Washington DC)," but the image rights are "Photo © Frank Khoury." See also the COPYRIGHT/RESTRICTIONS category for the work.

Form and syntax
Transcribe the statement verbatim as expressed by the copyright holder, using syntax, capitalization, and punctuation as indicated in the original statement.

Alternatively, if you are composing a new statement, the following syntax is recommended: The word "copyright" (optional) followed by the copyright symbol (a "c" in a circle, ©), the first year when the work was covered by copyright, and the name of the copyright holder (e.g., © 2003 Marcus M. Moroniani. All rights reserved). If the year of first copyright is not known, it may be omitted from the statement (e.g., Copyright © Museum of Fine Arts, Boston).

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Free-text: This is not a controlled field; however, consistent format and syntax is recommended within each repository. If you are transcribing statements from other institutions, copyright statements should be transcribed verbatim. Index the personal and corporate names and dates in the categories discussed below.




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26.2.12.1. Image Copyright Holder

DEFINITION

The identification of the institution, agency, or individual that owns or otherwise has legal rights to the image.

EXAMPLES


- Osterreichische Nationalbibliothek (Vienna, Austria)
- Yan Photo Reportage (Toulouse, France)
- Whitaker Studios (Richmond, Virginia, United States)
- Alinari (Florence, Italy)
- Service Photographique Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France)


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Identify the owner by name and location. The owner may be an institution, agency, or an individual.

Form and syntax
For guidelines regarding format and syntax of personal and corporate body names, see the CREATION - CREATOR category and the PERSON/CORPORATE BODY AUTHORITY.



TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Authority: Control this subcategory with the PERSON/CORPORATE BODY AUTHORITY.



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26.2.12.1.1 Image Copyright Holder's Numbers

DEFINITION

The unique number(s), codes, or other identification assigned to the image by the rights holder, including accession number, call number, and bar code.

EXAMPLES


009876
A4S36.2
GR/20.tif


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the image identification used by the rights holder of the image. Numbers may have prefixes or suffixes that are vital to their meaning.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Free text: The format of the number will vary depending on its type and source.


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26.2.12.1.1.1. Number Type

DEFINITION

The type of number assigned to a work by assigned to the image by the rights holder.

EXAMPLES


accession number
collection number
registration number
identification number


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a term describing the type of number, if known. Use lower case.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled list : Control this subcategory with a controlled list, using the terms in Examples above, and others as necessary.



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26.2.12.2. Image Copyright Date

DEFINITION

The date or range of dates when the copyright to an image or images is held by a particular individual or group.

EXAMPLES


1950
1918-1968
1993
until 1 January 2030
unknown


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a year, a span of years, or a phrase that describes the specific or approximate dates associated with the copyright of the image or images. Include nuance and expressions of uncertainty, as necessary.

Dates should be recorded as specifically as possible. In some cases, only approximate dates may be known. If an image was once in copyright but is now in the public domain, record a range of dates for the period that it was protected by copyright. If the period of time is unknown, indicate this through expressions of uncertainty (e.g., probably) or by using the term unknown; however, index EARLIEST and LATEST DATES with an estimated span of dates in any case.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Free-text: This is not a controlled field. Maintain consistent capitalization, punctuation, and syntax where possible. Index the dates in the controlled EARLIEST and LATEST DATE subcategories.







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26.2.12.2.1. Earliest Date

DEFINITION

The earliest possible date when the copyright was held by a particular individual or group.

EXAMPLES


1918
1984
1971-01-01


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the earliest year when the copyright or other restriction was in effect. Always record years in the proleptic Gregorian calendar in the indexing dates fields. When recording the day and month, use the following syntax: YYYY-MM-DD (year, month, day, separated by dashes), if possible. (The standards suggest alternate possibilities: you may use an alternative syntax if you are consistent and it is compliant with the standards.) It is optional to record EARLIEST DATE; however, if you record a value here, you must also record LATEST DATE.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled format: Date information must be formatted consistently to allow retrieval. Local rules should be in place. Suggested formats are available in the ISO Standard and W3 XML Schema Part 2.


ISO 8601:2004 Representation of dates and times. International Organization for Standardization. Data Elements and Interchange Formats. Information Interchange. Representation of Dates and Times. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization, 2004.

XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes, 2001. www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema-2/.


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26.2.12.2.2. Latest Date

DEFINITION

The latest possible date when the copyright was held by a particular individual or group.

EXAMPLES


1968
2084
2030-01-01


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the latest year when the copyright or other restriction was in effect. Always record years in the proleptic Gregorian calendar in the indexing dates fields. When recording the day and month, use the following syntax: YYYY-MM-DD (year, month, day, separated by dashes), if possible. (The standards suggest alternate possibilities: you may use an alternative syntax if you are consistent and it is compliant with the standards.) It is optional to record LATEST DATE; however, if you record a value here, you must also record EARLIEST DATE.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled format: Date information must be formatted consistently to allow retrieval. Local rules should be in place. Suggested formats are available in the ISO Standard and W3 XML Schema Part 2.


ISO 8601:2004 Representation of dates and times. International Organization for Standardization. Data Elements and Interchange Formats. Information Interchange. Representation of Dates and Times. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization, 2004.

XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes, 2001. www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema-2/.


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26.2.13. Image Source

DEFINITION 

Identification of the agency, individual, or repository from which the image, images, or other visual resource was obtained. It may also refer to a published source, which is cited in CITATIONS.

EXAMPLES


- Scala (Florence, Italy)
- Saskia Ltd. Cultural Documentation (Portland, Oregon, United States)
- published work


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record an identification of the source of the image.

Form and syntax
For guidelines regarding format and syntax of personal and corporate body names, see the CREATION - CREATOR category and the PERSON/CORPORATE BODY AUTHORITY.

If the source was a published work, record the term publication here, and cite the publication in CITATIONS.



TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Authority: Control this subcategory with the PERSON/CORPORATE BODY AUTHORITY.




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26.2.13.1. Image Source Number

DEFINITION 

A number used to uniquely identify the source, linked it to the Citations Authority record.

DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: It is optional but highly recommended to link to persistent unique numeric identifiers for the Citations Authority record in the computer system.



TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled format: This subcategory is automatically generated and controlled.




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26.2.13.1.1. Number Type

DEFINITION 

The type of number assigned to an image within an authoritative textual reference.

EXAMPLES


plate number
index number


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a term indicating the type of number.



TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled list: Control terminology with a list of controlled terminology, using terms in the Examples above and others as necessary.



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26.2.14. Related Image

DEFINITION 

An identification of the related image that will be meaningful to end users. 

EXAMPLES


- Felbermeyer Photographs of Antiquities and Art in Italy; photographs; ca. 1929-1986; Special Collections, Getty Research Institute (Los Angeles, California, USA)

- Brogi Collection; black-and-white photographs; 1860-1881; Fratelli Alinari (Florence, Italy)


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a label identifying the related image.

Form and syntax
Use consistent syntax and punctuation for the label. Follow the Examples above, concatenating the following subcategories from the record of the related image or group/collection: Title/Name, semi-colon, Image Type, semi-colon, Image Repository, semi-colon, Image Repository Number (if any).

Alternatively, devise another scheme for syntax and punctuation, provided it is used consistently in local practice.

Ideally, this category is a link to a record for the related image or group/collection.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

System generated: Ideally, this should be generated from various fields in the related image record.

Free-text: If this is a free-text field, index the information in the pertinent controlled subcategories elsewhere in the related image record.

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26.2.14.1. Image Relationship Type 

DEFINITION

A term describing the nature of the relationship between the image or images at hand and the related image or images. 

EXAMPLES 


copy of  
original
 
negative for  
scanned from
related to 
 


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a term, terms, or brief phrase describing the relationship between the image or images being cataloged and other images. Use lower class.

Whole/part relationships
Whole/part relationships should ideally be structured in the database as hierarchical relationships, discussed in RELATED IMAGES - BROADER CONTEXT. If this is not possible, you may link them here through IMAGE RELATIONSHIP TYPES larger context for and part of.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT 

Controlled list: Control this subcategory with an extensible controlled list, using terms copy of,  negative for,  scanned from, related to, and other values as needed.

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26.2.14.2. Image Relationship Number  

DEFINITION 

The alphanumeric indicator or phrase that qualifies the relationship between related images.  

EXAMPLES


    item 353
    box 27


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a phrase or number that concisely describes the physical or intellectual position of this work or works in relation to other related works. Use lower case, commas, and cardinal numbers, where possible. Use consistent syntax and punctuation.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Free-text: This is not a controlled field. However, consistent use capitalization, punctuation, and syntax is recommended.

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26.2.14.3. Image Relationship Date  

DEFINITION

The date or range of dates associated with the relationship between the image or images being cataloged and the related image or images. 

EXAMPLES


compiled 1876
assembled after 1945


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the dates or date range when the relationship was or is in place. Include references to uncertainty or ambiguity as necessary.

Form and syntax
Follow the applicable rules for display dates in CREATION - CREATION DATE.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Free-text: This is not a controlled field. Maintain consistent capitalization, punctuation, and syntax where possible. Index the dates in the controlled EARLIEST and LATEST DATE subcategories.


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26.2.14.3.1. Earliest Date 

DEFINITION

The earliest date when the relationship could have been in place.

EXAMPLES


1876
1945


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the earliest year indicated by the display DATE. Always record years in the proleptic Gregorian calendar in the indexing dates fields. It is optional to record EARLIEST DATE; however, if you record a value here, you must also record LATEST DATE.

Form and syntax
Follow the applicable rules for dates in CREATION - CREATION DATE - EARLIEST DATE.


TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled format: Date information must be formatted consistently to allow retrieval. Local rules should be in place. Suggested formats are available in the ISO Standard and W3 XML Schema Part 2.


ISO 8601:2004 Representation of dates and times. International Organization for Standardization. Data Elements and Interchange Formats. Information Interchange. Representation of Dates and Times. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization, 2004.

XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes, 2001. www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema-2/.




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26.2.14.3.2. Latest Date 

DEFINITION

The latest date when the relationship could have been in place. 

EXAMPLES


1970
9999


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the latest year indicated by the display DATE. Always record years in the proleptic Gregorian calendar in the indexing dates fields. It is optional to record LATEST DATE; however, if you record a value here, you must also record EARLIEST DATE. For relationships that are currently extant, record the value 9999.

Form and syntax
Follow the applicable rules for dates in CREATION - CREATION DATE - LATEST DATE.


TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled format: Date information must be formatted consistently to allow retrieval. Local rules should be in place. Suggested formats are available in the ISO Standard and W3 XML Schema Part 2.


ISO 8601:2004 Representation of dates and times. International Organization for Standardization. Data Elements and Interchange Formats. Information Interchange. Representation of Dates and Times. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization, 2004.

XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes, 2001. www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema-2/.


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26.2.15. Image Broader Context 

DEFINITION 

An identification of the broader contexts for the image or group or collection of images, relevant only if the image itself is part of a group, collection, set, or series of images. Ideally this is a hiearchical link.  

EXAMPLES


    - Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture; group, photographs; 1956-1967 (bulk); Architectural Photographs Archive (Melbourne, Australia)

    - Jean Brown Papers; group; 1815-1995;  Special Collections, Getty Research Institute (Los Angeles, California, United States)


DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: If the image or group/collection being cataloged is part of a larger entity, indicate the broader context for image or group/collection. That is, record the hierarchical (whole/part) relationships between the image or images being cataloged and its parent.

Form and syntax
Ideally this is a hierarchical link.  For display, follow the example above, using the form suggested in RELATED VISUAL DOCUMENTATION - IMAGE LABEL/IDENTIFICATION.

In addition to the label as displayed in the Examples above, the broader contexts may be derived from the hierarhcical links, and displayed in various ways in various situations.

In an abbreviated horizontal display:


Detail of the Dome of Hagia Sophia (Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture)


Indented whole/part relationships:


Study Photographs Byzantine Architecture
..... Buildings in Ravenna
.......... Overview of Galla Placidia
.......... Interior view of Galla Placidia
.......... Detail of mosaics, interior of Galla Placidia
.......... Overview of San Vitale
.......... Detail of mosaics, interior of Galla Placidia
..... Buildings in Istanbul
.......... Aerial view of Hagia Sophia
.......... Detail of the Dome of Hagia Sophia
.......... Detail of mosaics, interior of Hagia Sophia


In the examples above, the hierarchical relationships are represented by indentation, illustrating a display that will be intelligible to most end users.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

System generated: Ideally, this broader context display should be generated from the hierarchical relationships of the image being cataloged. Ideally, this relationship should be managed by the computer system. The method by which the broader context is noted or linked will be specific to the cataloging, collection management, or editorial system being used. Linking the image record to its broader context allows hierarchies to be constructed.

Free-text: If generating a display by algorithm is not possible, or if the cataloging institution wants to express nuance that is not possible from an automatically generated string, a free-text field may be used instead.

RELATED CATEGORIES and ACCESS

Generally, the hierarchical relationship will be a special relationship that is managed separately from other types of relationships. However, for some institutions, the whole/part relationships will be recorded only by using "part of" and "broader context for" in related IMAGE RELATIONSHIP TYPES.

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26.2.16. Remarks

DEFINITION

Additional notes or comments pertinent to the information regarding this image.

DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record a note regarding the related visual documentation. Use consistent syntax and format. For rules regarding writing notes, see DESCRIPTIVE NOTE.

FORMAT/TERMINOLOGY

Free-text: This is not a controlled field. Use consistent syntax and format.

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26.2.17. Citations

DEFINITION

Reference to the published source from which the image or other information was taken.

DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: Record the source used for image. For a full set of rules for CITATIONS, see RELATED TEXTUAL REFERENCES - CITATIONS.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Authority: Ideally, this information is controlled by citations in the citations authority; see RELATED TEXTUAL REFERENCES.

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26.2.17.1. Page

DEFINITION

Page number, volume, date accessed for Web sites, and any other information indicating where in the source the information was found.

DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: For a full set of rules for PAGE, see RELATED TEXTUAL REFERENCES - CITATIONS - PAGE.

FORMAT/TERMINOLOGY

Free-text: This is not a controlled field. Use consistent syntax and format.



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26.2.18. Image Authority Record ID

DEFINITION

A number used to uniquely identify the Image record to the computer system.

DISCUSSION and GUIDELINES

Optional: It is optional but highly recommended to use persistent unique numeric identifiers for the Image Authority record in the computer system. Typically, such numeric schemes are composed of a consistent, defined range of integers (e.g., 12 number sequences, such as 100000000123). Alternatively, numbers may be applied sequentially beginning with number one.

TERMINOLOGY/FORMAT

Controlled format: This subcategory is automatically generated and controlled.



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EXAMPLES

[image repository owns both the image (and the art work); this is a documentary image linked to a record for a work]
Image Type: digital image
Image Measurements: 1024 x 768 pixels; 656 kb
Dimension Type: height
   Value: 1024
   Unit: pixels
Dimension Type: width
   Value: 768
   Unit: pixels
Dimension Type: file size
   Value: 656
   Unit: kb
Image Format: JPEG
Image Date: 2005-12-13
   Earliest Date: 2005-12-13
   Latest Date: 2005-12-13
Image Color: color
Work Depicted: Reading and Writing Stand; reading desk; Abraham Roentgen (German, 1711-1793); ca. 1760; J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles, California, United States); 85.DA.216
Image View: detail of the desktop with inlaid coat of arms
   View Type: detail view | overhead view
   View Subject Indexing Terms: lions electoral bonnet coat of arms
   View Date: 2001-03-01
      Earliest Date: 2001-03-01
      Latest Date: 2001-03-01
Image Copyright/Restrictions: © 2001 J. Paul Getty Trust. All rights reserved.
Image Owner: J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles, California, United States)
Owner's Numbers: 98077
Number Type: inventory number
Image Copyright Date: from 2001
   Earliest Date: 2001
   Latest Date: 2090


[image taken from a published book]
Image Type: black-and-white photograph
Image Measurements: 8 x 10 inches
Dimension Type: width
   Value: 8
    Unit: inches
Dimension Type: height
   Value: 10
   Unit: inches
Image Date: 1998-01-19
   Earliest Date: 1998-01-19
    Latest Date: 1998-01-19
Image Color: black-and-white
Work Depicted: Great Sphinx; colossus; unknown Egyptian; Fourth Dynasty, reign of King Khafre (ca. 2575-ca. 2465 BCE); Giza (Egypt)
Image View: exterior view, facing North
View Type: exterior view | oblique view | partial view
View Subject: Great Sphinx with the Great Pyramid in the background
   View Subject Indexing Terms: Great Sphinx | Great Pyramid
View Date: ca. 1950
   Earliest Date: 1948
   Latest Date: 1952
Image Repository: Marrott Photographic Archives (Bonville, Ontario, Canada)
   Repository Numbers: 1234
Citations: Janson, H.W., History of Art. 3rd edition. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1986.
   Page: plate 64



[group of images, part of a larger collection, not linked to Object/Work records, but with references to Works Depicted]
Image Catalog Level: group
Image Type: albumen prints
Image Title/Name: Photographic Views of Tuscany
Image Measurements: 499 items
Dimension Type: count
   Value: 499
   Unit: items
Image Date: 1861-1881 (inclusive dates)
    Earliest Date: 1861
   Latest Date: 1881
Image Color: black-and-white
Work Depicted: Santa Maria del Fiore; cathedral; Arnolfo di Cambio (Italian, documented 1265-1302) and others; designed 1296; Florence (Italy).
Work Depicted: Duomo di Siena; cathedral; Giovanni d'Agostino (Italian, 1311-ca. 1348); 1215-1263; Florence (Italy)
Work Depicted: Adoration of the Magi; painting; Bartolo di Fredi (Sienese, active by 1353, died 1410); 1390s; Pinacoteca Nazionale (Siena, Italy)
Image Broader Context: Brogi Collection; photographs; Giacomo Brogi (Italian photographer, 1822-1881); 1860-1881; Fratelli Alinari (Florence, Italy)
View Subject Indexing Terms: Florence (Italy) | Siena (Italy) | San Gimignano (Italy) | vineyards | landscapes | art works | cityscapes | landscapes | architectural photographs | documentary photographs
View Date: 1861-1881
   Earliest Date: 1861
   Latest Date: 1881
Image Maker/Agent: Brogi, Giacomo (Italian photographer, 1822-1881)
   Maker/Agent Role: photographer
Image Repository: Leonine Photo Study Archives (Messina, Brazil)
Image Copyright/Restrictions: copyright © Fratelli Alinari
   Image Copyright Holder: Fratelli Alinari (Florence, Italy)


[audio tape of performance art]
Image Type: audio tape
Image Measurements: 1 audiocassette, 0.3175 cm (1/8 inches), 80 minutes
Dimension Type: width
   Value: 0.3175
   Unit: cm
Dimension Type: running time
   Value: 80
   Unit: minutes
Image Format: audiocassette
Image Date: Winter 1954
   Earliest Date: 1954
   Latest Date:1954
Work Depicted: Eleanor; performance art; Eleanor Antin (American, born 1935); 1954
Image Repository: Getty Research Institute (Los Angeles, California)
Repository Numbers: 2952-322 2012.M.5 Box 54 Item C2
Number Type: accession number
Image Broader Context: Eleanor Antin Papers; group; 1953-2010; Special Collections, Getty Research Institute (Los Angeles, California, United States)



[video tape of performance art]
Image Type: videotape
Image Measurements: 1 videocassette, copy of 16mm film
Image Format: VHS
Image Date: 1966
   Earliest Date: 1966
   Latest Date:1966
Work Depicted: Gas; happening; Allan Kaprow (American, 1927-2006); 1966
Image Repository: Getty Research Institute (Los Angeles, California)
Repository Numbers: 1525-993 980063 Box 86 Item V1
Number Type: accession number
Image Broader Context: Allan Kaprow Papers; group; 1940-1997; Special Collections, Getty Research Institute (Los Angeles, California, United States)


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NOTE: The outline numbers are subject to change; they are intended only to organize this document.

Revised 21 October 2013