Agirre, Eneko, and Philip Edmonds, eds. Word Sense Disambiguation: Algorithms and Applications. New York: Springer, 2007.
Ahronheim, Judith R. "Descriptive Metadata: Emerging Standards." Journal of Academic Librarianship 24 (1998): 395–404.
Aitchison, Jean, Alan Gilchrist, and David Bawden. Thesaurus Construction and Use: A Practical Manual. 4th ed. New York: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2002.
American Library Association. ALA Filing Rules. Chicago: American Library Association, 1980.
Anderson, James D. Guidelines for Indexes and Related Information Retrieval Devices: A Technical Report. Bethesda: National Information Standards Organization, 1997.
ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2005: Guidelines for the Construction, Format, and Management of Monolingual Controlled Vocabularies. Bethesda: National Information Standards Organization, 2005.
ANSI/NISO Z39.50-2003: Information Retrieval: Application Service Definition and Protocol Specification. Bethesda: National Information Standards Organization, 2003.
ANSI/NISO Z39.85-2001: Dublin Core Metadata Element Set. Bethesda: National Information Standards Organization, 2001.
Association for Library Collections and Technical Services, Association of College and Research Libraries, and American Library Association. Gearing Up for the Future: The "Art & Architecture Thesaurus" Model for Subject Access. Chicago: American Library Association, 1992.
Baca, Murtha. "Making Sense of the Tower of Babel: A Demonstration Project in Multilingual Equivalency Work." Terminology 4, no. 1 (1997): 105–16.
———. "Practical Issues in Applying Metadata Schemas and Controlled Vocabularies to Cultural Heritage Information." Cataloging and Classification Quarterly 36, nos. 3–4 (2003): 47–55.
Baca, Murtha, ed. Introduction to Art Image Access: Issues, Tools, Standards, Strategies. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, 2002.
———. Introduction to Metadata. 2nd ed. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, 2008. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/standards/intrometadata/.
Baca, Murtha, and Patricia Harpring. Categories for the Description of Works of Art. Rev. ed. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Trust, 2009. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/standards/cdwa/.
———. "The Getty Vocabularies and Standards: Describing, Cataloging, and Accessing Information about Architecture and Architectural Documents." COMMA: International Journal on Archives (forthcoming).
Baca, Murtha, Patricia Harpring, Elisa Lanzi, Linda McRae, and Ann Baird Whiteside. Cataloging Cultural Objects: A Guide to Describing Cultural Works and Their Images. Chicago: American Library Association, 2006.
Baker, Thomas. "A Grammar of Dublin Core." D-Lib Magazine 6, no. 10 (2000). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/october00/baker/10baker.html.
Bales, Kathleen. "The USMARC Formats and Visual Materials." Art Documentation 8, no. 4 (1989): 183–85.
Barry, Randall K., ed. ALA-LC Romanization Tables: Transliteration Schemes for Non-Roman Scripts. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1997.
Bates, Marcia J. "Indexing and Access for Digital Libraries and the Internet: Human, Database, and Domain Factors." Journal of the American Society for Information Science 49 (1998): 1185–1205.
Beebe, Caroline. "Image Indexing for Multiple Needs." Art Documentation 19, no. 2 (2000): 16–21.
Bell, Lesley Ann. "Gaining Access to Visual Information: Theory, Analysis and Practice of Determining Subjects—A Review of the Literature with Descriptive Abstracts." Art Documentation 13, no. 2 (1994): 89–94.
Benedetti, Joan M. "Words, Words, Words: Folk Art Terminology—Why It (Still) Matters." Art Documentation 19, no. 1 (2000): 14–21.
Besser, Howard. Introduction to Imaging. 2nd ed. Edited by Sally Hubbard and Deborah Lenert. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, 2003. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/standards/introimages/.
Blum, F. "Art & Architecture Thesaurus." Book review. Choice 28 (1990): 603.
Bold, John, and Robin Thornes. Documenting the Cultural Heritage. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Trust, 1998.
Borgman, Christine L. From Gutenberg to the Global Information Infrastructure: Access to Information in the Networked World. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000.
BS 1749:1985: British Standard Alphabetical Arrangement Filing Order of Numerals and Symbols. London: BSI Group, 1985.
BS 8723-1:2005, BS 8723-2:2005, BS 8723-3:2007, BS 8723-4:2007: Structured Vocabularies for Information Retrieval. London: BSI Group, 2005–7.
Canow, Joanne, David Kerr, and Patricia Whittaker. Faceted Classification, A Group Perspective: History, Current and Future Applications. Vancouver: Univ. of British Columbia, 2002.
CDWA Lite: XML Schema Content for Contributing Records via the OAI Harvesting Protocol. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Trust, 2005. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/standards/cdwa/cdwalite.html.
Chen, Hsin-Liang, and Edie M. Rasmussen. "Intellectual Access to Images." Library Trends 48 (1999): 291–302.
Craven, Tim. Thesaurus Construction: An Introductory Tutorial. London, Ont.: Univ. of Western Ontario, 2002.
Dewey, Melvil. Dewey Decimal Classification and Relative Index. Edited by Joan S. Mitchell et al. 4 vols. Albany, N.Y.: Forest, 1996.
Getty Vocabulary Program. Editorial Guidelines. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Trust, 2003–. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/editorial_guidelines.html.
Greenberg, Jane. "Intellectual Control of Visual Archives: A Comparison between the Art & Architecture Thesaurus and the Library of Congress Thesaurus for Graphic Materials." Cataloging and Classification Quarterly 16, no. 1 (1993): 85–117.
Harpring, Patricia. "The Architectural Subject Authority of the Foundation for Documents of Architecture." Visual Resources 7 (1990): 55–63.
———. Brief Rules: Training Manual for Contributors. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Trust, 2007. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/brief_vocab_training_manual.pdf.
———. "Can Flexibility and Consistency Coexist? Issues in Indexing, Mapping, and Displaying Museum Information." Spectra (The Journal of the Museum Computer Network) 26, no. 1 (1999): 33–35.
———. "Contributing to the Getty Vocabularies." VRA Bulletin (forthcoming).
———. "The Getty Cultural Objects Name Authority (CONA)." Art Documentation (forthcoming).
———. "How Forcible Are Right Words!: Overview of Applications and Interfaces Incorporating the Getty Vocabularies." Museums and the Web 1999: Selected Papers. Pittsburgh: Archives & Museum Informatics, 1999. http://www.archimuse.com/mw99/papers/harpring/harpring.html.
———. "The Limits of the World: Theoretical and Practical Issues in the Construction of the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names." In ICHIM 97: Fourth International Conference on Hypermedia and Interactivity in Museums: Proceedings, 237–51. Paris: Archives & Museum Informatics, 1997.
———. "Proper Words in Proper Places: The Thesaurus of Geographic Names." MDA Information 2, no. 3 (1997): 5–12.
———. "Resistance Is Futile: Inaccessible Networked Information Made Accessible Using the Getty Vocabularies." In ASIS Annual Conference Proceedings, 838. Silver Spring, Md.: American Society for Information Science, 1999.
———. "The Role of Metadata Standards in Mapping Art Information: The Visual Resources Perspective." VRA Bulletin 27, no. 4 (2000): 71–76.
Helmer, John F. "Art & Architecture Thesaurus." Book review. Art Documentation 10, no. 1 (1991): 41–42.
Hourihane, Colum. Subject Classification for Visual Collections: An Inventory of Some of the Principal Systems Applied to Content Description in Images. VRA Special Bulletin 12. Columbus: Visual Resources Association, 1999.
International Terminology Working Group, sponsored by the Getty Information Institute. Guidelines for Forming Language Equivalents: A Model Based on the "Art & Architecture Thesaurus." Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Trust, 1998.
ISO 2788:1986: Documentation—Guidelines for the Establishment and Development of Monolingual Thesauri. Geneva: International Organization for Standardization, 1986.
ISO 8879:1986: Information Processing—Text and Office Systems—Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). Geneva: International Organization for Standardization, 1986.
ISO 5964:1985: Documentation—Guidelines for the Establishment and Development of Multilingual Thesauri. Geneva: International Organization for Standardization, 1985.
ISO/CD 25964-1: Information and Documentation—Thesauri and Interoperability with Other Vocabularies—Part 1: Thesauri for Information Retrieval. Geneva: International Organization for Standardization, forthcoming.
ISO/IEC 8859-1:1998: Information Technology—8-Bit Single-Byte Coded Graphic Character Sets—Part 1: Latin Alphabet No. 1. Geneva: International Organization for Standardization, 1986.
ISO/IEC 10646:2003: Information Technology—Universal Multiple-Octet Coded Character Set (UCS). Geneva: International Organization for Standardization, 2003.
Jackman-Schuller, Carol E. "Words, Words, Words: Managing the Wealth of the AAT—Early Efforts at Implementation." Art Documentation 9, no. 2 (1990): 75–76.
Joint Steering Committee for Development of RDA. RDA: Resource Description and Access, forthcoming.
Joint Steering Committee for Revision of AACR et al. Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules. 2nd ed. Chicago: American Library Association, 2004.
Lancaster, F. Wilfrid. Vocabulary Control for Information Retrieval. 2nd ed. Arlington: Information Resources, 1986.
Lanzi, Elisa. "The Linguistic Challenge of a Multilingual AAT." Art Documentation 14, no. 2 (1995): 19.
Lanzi, Elisa, ed. Introduction to Vocabularies: Enhancing Access to Cultural Heritage Information. 2nd ed. Edited by Patricia Harpring. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, 2000. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/introvocabs/.
Lee-Smeltzer, Kuang-Hwei (Janet). "Finding the Needle: Controlled Vocabularies, Resource Discovery, and Dublin Core." Library Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services 24 (2000): 205–15.
Leise, Fred, Karl Fast, and Mike Steckel. "All about Facets and Controlled Vocabularies." Boxes and Arrows (9 December 2002). http://www.boxesandarrows.com/view/all_about_facets_controlled_vocabularies.
———. "Synonym Rings and Authority Files." Boxes and Arrows (26 August 2003). http://www.boxesandarrows.com/view/synonym_rings_and_authority_files.
Library of Congress. Library of Congress Filing Rules. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1980.
———. Library of Congress Subject Headings: Principles of Structure and Policies for Application. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1990–2001. http://www.itsmarc.com/crs/shed0014.htm.
Lider, Brett, and Anca Mosoiu. "Building a Metadata-Based Website: Ontologies." Boxes and Arrows (21 April 2003). http://www.boxesandarrows.com/view/building_a_metadata_based_website.
McCulloch, Emma, and George Macgregor. "Analysis of Equivalence Mapping for Terminology Services." Journal of Information Science 34 (2008): 70–92.
Miller, Uri. "Thesaurus Construction: Problems and Their Roots." Information Processing and Management 33 (1997): 481–93.
Molholt, Patricia, and Toni Petersen. "The Role of the Art & Architecture Thesaurus in Communicating about Visual Art." Knowledge Organization 20 (1993): 30–34.
Nagel, Lina. "The Spanish-Language Version of the Art & Architecture Thesaurus: History, Current Status, Implementation, and Dissemination." VRA Bulletin 32, no. 2 (2005): 30–34.
National Center for Biotechnology Information. NCBI Taxonomy Homepage. National Library of Medicine. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/.
Olson, Tony, and Gary Strawn. "Mapping the LCSH and MeSH Systems." Information Technology and Libraries 16 (1997): 5–19.
Panofsky, Erwin. Meaning in the Visual Arts: Papers In and On Art History. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1955.
Petersen, Toni. "Developing a New Thesaurus for Art and Architecture." Library Trends 38 (1990): 644–58.
Porter, Vicki, and Robin Thornes. Guide to the Description of Architectural Drawings. Revised by Patricia Harpring. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Trust, 2005. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/standards/fda/.
RBMS Bibliographic Standards Committee. Thesaurus Construction and Maintenance Guidelines. Chicago: Association of College and Research Libraries, 1998.
Roberts, Helene E. "Do You Have Any Pictures of . . . ?: Subject Access to Works of Art in Visual Collections and Book Reproductions." Art Documentation 7, no. 3 (1988): 87–90.
———. "A Picture Is Worth a Thousand Words: Art Indexing in Electronic Databases." Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 52 (2001): 911–16.
Rowley, Jennifer, and John Farrow. Organizing Knowledge: An Introduction to Managing Access to Information. 3rd ed. Burlington: Gower, 2000.
Smits, Jan. "Metadata: An Introduction." Cataloging and Classification Quarterly 27, nos. 3–4 (1999): 303–19.
Soergel, Dagobert. "SemWeb. Proposal for an Open, Multifunctional, Multilingual System for Integrated Access to a Knowledge Base about Concepts and Terminology." In Proceedings of the Fourth International ISKO Conference, 15–18 July 1996, Washington DC, 165–73. Frankurt am Main: Indeks Verlag, 1996.
Spiteri, Louise F. "The Use of Facet Analysis in Information Retrieval Thesauri: An Examination of Selected Guidelines for Thesaurus Construction." Cataloging and Classification Quarterly 25, no. 1 (1997): 21–37.
Stanley, Janet L. "African Art and the Art & Architecture Thesaurus." Museum Studies Journal 2, no. 2 (1986): 42–52.
Straten, Roelof van. An Introduction to Iconography. Revised English ed. Translated from the German by Patricia de Man. Yverdon, Switzerland: Gordon & Breach, 1994.
Svenonius, Elaine. The Intellectual Foundation of Information Organization. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000.
Taylor, Arlene G., and Daniel N. Joudrey. The Organization of Information. 3rd ed. Westport, Conn.: Libraries Unlimited, 2009.
Taylor, Bradley L. "Chenhall's Nomenclature, the Art & Architecture Thesaurus, and Issues of Access in America's Artifact Collections." Art Documentation 15, no. 2 (1996): 17–23.
Thornes, Robin, with Peter Dorrell and Henry Lie. Introduction to Object ID: Guidelines for Making Records That Describe Art, Antiques, and Antiquities. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Trust, 1999.
Tillett, Barbara. What is FRBR? A Conceptual Model for the Bibliographic Universe. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 2004. Originally published in Technicalities 25, no. 5 (2003). http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/whatfrbr.html.
Tudhope, Douglas et al. "Query Expansion via Conceptual Distance in Thesaurus Indexed Collections." Journal of Documentation 62 (2006): 509–33.
Turner, James M. "Subject Access to Pictures: Considerations in the Surrogation and Indexing of Visual Documents for Storage and Retrieval." Visual Resources 9 (1993): 241–71.
Vellucci, Sherry L. "Metadata and Authority Control." Library Resources and Technical Services 44 (2000): 33–43.
Vizine-Goetz, Diane et al. "Vocabulary Mapping for Terminology Services." Journal of Digital Information 4, no. 4 (2004).
Warner, Amy J. A Taxonomy Primer. Ann Arbor: Lexonomy, 2002.
Warren, Susanne. "Workshop: Using the AAT Art & Architecture Thesaurus: Practical Applications." Art Documentation 11, no. 2 (1992): 63.
Whitehead, Cathleen. "Faceted Classification in the Art & Architecture Thesaurus." Art Documentation 8, no. 4 (1989): 175–77.
Wielinga, B. J., et al. "From Thesaurus to Ontology." Proceedings of the First International Conference on Knowledge Capture, 194–201. New York: Association for Computing Machinery, 2001.
Willer, Mirna. "Modeling Authority Data: FRAD." In LIDA: Libraries in the Digital Age, 25–30 May 2009, Dubrovnik-Zadar [proceedings], 207. Dubrovnik: Inter-University Center, 2009.
Zeng, Marcia Lei, and Lois Mai Chan. "Trends and Issues in Establishing Interoperability among Knowledge Organization Systems." Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 55, no. 5 (2004): 377–95.
Note: All Web sites were accessed on 1 May 2009.