Following the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Foundation developed an initiative to strengthen art historical scholarship in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Fellowships provided over a six year period (1991–1997) enabled more than 120 scholars from the region to conduct research outside their home countries, most for the first time. Simultaneously, the Foundation provided grants to key art historical libraries to enhance their collections. From 1995–2000, we also supported a series of intensive summer research institutes for scholars from the region at the University of Rochester and the University of East Anglia. These interventions proved critical in breaking down decades of intellectual isolation for a generation of colleagues whose access to contemporary research and debate was extremely limited at best. Since the conclusion of the initiative, we have continued our work in the area through strategic opportunities. One example is a sequence of grants to New Europe College in Bucharest to support residential fellows and visiting lecturers as part of our Connecting Art Histories initiative.