The Stockholm Declaration : Declaration of ICOMOS marking the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1998)


ICOMOS Symposia

In recognition of the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the ICOMOS Declaration recognizes the right of all peoples to participate in the cultural life of their communities. The right to cultural heritage, called an "integral part of human rights", carries duties and responsibilities for individuals and communities. These rights include:

  • the right to have one's heritage respected as an expression of cultural identity,
  • the right to understand one's heritage and that of others,
  • the right to the wise and appropriate use of heritage,
  • the right to participate in decisions which affect the heritage, and
  • the right to form organizations for the protection of the heritage.


Development efforts must take these rights into consideration; society, the private sector, and individuals must reconcile preservation and development interests. The Declaration calls for international cooperation through international conventions and other legislative measures.