|Conserving Modern Architecture Initiative
Van Nelle Factory, designed by Johannes Brinkman and Leendert van der Vlugt, 1931, Rotterdam. Functional obsolescence is a major challenge in the conservation of large-scale modern structures. This factory, which originally produced coffee, tea, and tobacco, closed in the 1990s. Through an award-winning conservation and adaptive reuse program, the renewed complex of office and event spaces is operating as the Van Nelle Design Factory. Photo: 2007, Kyle Normandin.